CHAPTER 9: SURAH AL-TAWBAH (REPENTANCE) PDF Print E-mail

 

Canary Wharf Muslim Association [WharfMA] presents:

CHAPTER 9: SURAH AL-TAWBAH (REPENTANCE) OR AL-BARA’AH (IMMUNITY)

with Ustadh Hafiz Abdullah Muhammad*

Date: Tuesday 26th April 2011
Time: 6pm - 9pm
Venue: Idea Store Canary Wharf, Churchill Place,
Canary Wharf, London E14 5RB

The 9th Chapter of the Qur’an is unique among all the Surahs of the Qur’an
in that it does not begin with the Bismillah (commencing with the name of
Allah and invoking His Mercy). It is commonly known by one of two names. 
It is called Surah al-Tawbah (Repentance) because there are several references
to ‘repentance’, its nature and conditions for its acceptance (vs.102-118). 
It is also called Surah al-Bara’ah (Immunity) because it is the very first
word of the Surah.

The Surah was revealed in the year 9 AH in Madinah after the unbelievers flagrantly
broke the terms of the Treaty of Hudaybiyah.  The Prophet (SAW) dispatched Ali to
proclaim the beginning of the Surah in public at large during the occasion of the
first Hajj undertaken by Muslims under the leadership of Abu Bakr.  An ultimate is
given to the unbelievers who broke the terms of the treaty and a declaration of
war is announced against the violators of the Treaty to ‘kill them wherever you
find them’ if they are still found lurking around the vicinity of the Ka’bah. 
The leadership of the Ka’bah was taken over by Muslims to restore it back to the
worship of one God, the original purpose for which Prophet Abrahm built it in the
first place.  Even within the context of war, clear guidelines are given not to
fight non-combatants and opportunities are given to the violators to come out clean.

The Surah is a continuation of the end part of Surah al-A’raf and for that reason,
some scholars say that the Bismillah is not there as this more or less one Surah. 
Others say that because the Bismillah invokes Allah’s Mercy and this Surah begins
with declaration of war, hence the Bismillah is omitted.  The most correct opinion,
according to Imam Razi, is that the Prophet (SAW) did not dictate to the Scribes to
write the Bismillah and hence the Companions did not interfere with the Qur’anic text.

The Surah deals with many other issues such as the Hijrah, Muhajirun and Ansar, people
to whom Zakat is payable and the  characteristics of the hypocrites.  The last verse is
a command to declare that “Allah is sufficient for me” (v.129) and the Prophet (SAW)
recommended Muslims to read that supplication seven times in the morning and evening
with the promise that Almighty Allah will make our major and important tasks easy for us.

In this session of the monthly Journey Through the
Qur’an series, we will examine the history, structure
and guidance provided in this Surah and their
contemporary relevance.

All welcome - Notes included
Please bring a copy of the Quran and pray mat

Attendance of previous sessions not necessary
and no pre-requiste knowledge required.

Cost is £10 CASH per session and to confirm your place
please please email your name, mobile, and number
of people attending to
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Limited spaces only and entrance via bookings
to guarantee places and spaces offered on a
first come first basis.

For more information please contact:
Tel: 07837 645 758
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